Henry Kissinger, American diplomatic and controversial Nobel Peace Prize winner, who served as United States secretary of state and national security advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, and left an indelible mark on US foreign policy a died on November 29, Wednesday at age 100.
Kissinger died at his Connecticut residence, announced by his geopolitical consulting firm, Kissinger Associates Inc. There were no details provided regarding the circumstances of his death.
He will be laid to rest at a private family service, to be followed at a later date by a public memorial service in New York City.
While Kissinger will be remembered for his contributions to the diplomatic thaw between China and the US, groundbreaking US-Soviet arms agreements, and peace efforts in the Israeli-Arab conflict, his legacy will also be marred by all the controversies that persist - regarding his involvement in the Vietnam War and his endorsement of anti-communist dictatorships, especially in Latin America. And of course, there's Kissinger's relationship with India and his choice of colourful words for Indians and former PM Indira Gandhi.
In July 2005, the US Department of State declassified taped conversations between former US President Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger shortly before the India-Pakistan war in 1971.
Kissinger remained active beyond his centenary, participating in White House meetings, authoring leadership styles book, and providing testimony before a Senate committee on North Korea's nuclear threat.
During the Cold War in the 1970s, he played a significant role in numerous pivotal global events of the era, serving as national security adviser and secretary of state under Republican President Richard Nixon.
While Kissinger received acclaim for his extensive expertise, he was also labelled a war criminal due to his backing of anti-communist dictatorships, particularly in Latin America.
The 1973 Peace Prize, jointly awarded to North Vietnam's Le Duc Tho (who declined it), stood out as one of the most contentious in history.
The controversy led to the resignation of two Nobel committee members, fuelled by concerns about the undisclosed US bombing of Cambodia.
Heinz Alfred Kissinger, born in Furth, Germany, on May 27, 1923, immigrated to the United States with his family in 1938 to escape the Nazi persecution of European Jews.
Adopting the name Henry, Kissinger achieved naturalised US citizenship in 1943. During World War II, he served in the Army in Europe. Following the war, he pursued higher education at Harvard University on a scholarship, earning a master's degree in 1952 and a doctorate in 1954. He continued as a faculty member at Harvard for the next 17 years.