The November 9 (Wednesday) earthquake killed at least six people in Nepal and the tremors were felt in Delhi also. Of the six people who were killed, four were children. Several houses were destroyed in the foothills of the Himalayas.
The US Geological Survey (USGS) measured the quake at magnitude 5.6 and said it occurred at a depth of around 15.7 km. Nepal's seismological centre put it at magnitude 6.6.
But why is Nepal so prone to so many earthquakes?
Nepal is so vulnerable to quakes due to its location. To understand this, let's get into just a little geology:
Large tectonic plates make up the crust of the Earth. These land masses, which contain entire continents, are in motion and colliding with one another all the time.
Nepal sits on the boundary of two massive tectonic plates - the Indo-Australian and the Asian plates. It is the collision of these plates that has produced the Himalayan mountains, with them, the earthquakes.
At a rate of roughly 5cm every year, these are being pushed up against and underneath one another. Although it may not seem like much, when this force piles up, an earthquake is an outcome, which is quite disastrous.
United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) ranks Nepal 11th on the list of the most vulnerable country to earthquakes and Nepal's capital Katmandu is one of the top cities prone to earthquakes.
However, this is not the first time, that Nepal has seen such a disastrous earthquake. In fact, Nepal is still recovering from the 2015 earthquake that left almost 8,000 people dead. Many historic and century-old temples and some towns were left with nothing but ruins. It was estimated that the quake gave at least a $6 billion blow to the Nepal economy.
Here are some of the most deadliest earthquakes in Nepal's history:
People Died: 10,700-12,000
29 July 1980 14:59 UT— José R. Ribeiro (@JoseRodRibeiro) July 28, 2022
M6.5 #earthquake along Main Himalayan Thrust hit Western Nepal and Uttarakand (India), causing landslides, destroying many houses and killing 184 people. A foreshock reduced death toll. https://t.co/F8YdQ0Pa4Thttps://t.co/waXxwOdUxHhttps://t.co/24hMkvm2sT pic.twitter.com/5O4P9qV3ma
People died: 200 and 5,600 were injured
1988 :: Devastating Earthquake at India-Nepal Border . Over 900 Dead pic.twitter.com/gUmweemipy— indianhistorypics (@IndiaHistorypic) April 26, 2015
People died: 709 and 1,000s were injured